As most of us now live in towns and cities and the countryside is dominated by monoculture farming it is important that we do all we can to make our gardens havens for all life. It enhances our enjoyment of being outdoors to see birds, butterflies and animals and to sustain them we must also encourage the less visible and at times less welcome members of the food chain.
The best things you can do for wildlife from the micro to the macro levels are:
Provide a source of water – a pond in a half barrel is enough to bring in frogs and damsel flies, and will give birds and animals somewhere to drink.
If at all possible fit in a tree, or failing that, shrubs and climbers such as ivy, where birds can nest and insects can go about their business undisturbed. Big plants also create micro-climates in sun, shade and at height – variety really is the spice of life.
Have a compost pile, in the long run even the worst managed heap will become a useful soil improver, but from the beginning it is a home to all the microbes, mini monsters and bigger bugs which go to feed the eye-catching wildlife we all want to see.
And you already know all about planting nectar rich flowers …… if you don’t know it in detail we are here to help!
There is an interesting article here http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/sep/23/house-sparrow-decline-stabilises about what we can do to help the poor house sparrow recover from a steep drop in its numbers over the last few decades.